• Children's Internet Protection Act
     
    • Established in 2001
    • Must block or filter materials that are: (a) obscene; (b) child pornography; or (c) harmful to minors (for computers that are accessed by minors).
    • Schools are required to adopt and enforce a policy to monitor online behavior by minors.
    • Schools and libraries subject to CIPA are required to adopt and implement an Internet safety policy addressing: (a) access by minors to inappropriate matter on the Internet; (b) the safety and security of minors when using electronic mail, chat rooms and other forms of direct electronic communications; (c) unauthorized access, including so-called “hacking,” and other unlawful activities by minors online; (d) unauthorized disclosure, use, and dissemination of personal information regarding minors; and (e) measures restricting minors’ access to materials harmful to them.   

    Video from Simplek12Team

    Clarification on FCC’s order regarding Social Networking sites:

    Possibly anticipating the clear issues raised by schools about the impeding interpretation of CIPA’s requirements, the FCC now re-interprets CIPA in a significantly different fashion via the August 11, 2011 Order and makes that agency’s interpretation clear:

    Although it is possible that certain individual Facebook or MySpace pages could potentially contain material harmful to minors, we do not find that these websites are per se “harmful to minors” or fall into one of the categories that schools and libraries must block.

    The FCC Order goes on a few sentences later to articulate why this position is now established:

    Declaring such sites categorically harmful to minors would be inconsistent with the Protecting Children in the Twenty-First Century Act’s focus on “educating minors about appropriate on-line behavior, including interacting with other individuals on social networking websites and in chat rooms, and cyberbullying awareness and response.”

    Essentially, the FCC concludes that the 2008 Protecting Children in the Twenty-First Century Act and its requirement of education and guidance supersedes CIPA’s filter and blocking requirements where social media is concerned. 

    CIPA requires that before adopting an Internet Safety Policy, schools and libraries must provide reasonable notice and hold at least one public hearing or meeting to address the proposal. Districts that have existing and properly adopted Internet Safety Policies will not be required to hold new public hearings to amend their policies.


    Sources: