Children's Internet Protection Act
- Established in 2001
- Must block or filter materials that are: (a) obscene; (b) child pornography; or (c) harmful to minors (for computers that are accessed by minors).
- Schools are required to adopt and enforce a policy to monitor online behavior by minors.
Schools and libraries subject to CIPA are required to adopt and implement an Internet safety policy addressing: (a) access by minors to inappropriate matter on the Internet; (b) the safety and security of minors when using electronic mail, chat rooms and other forms of direct electronic communications; (c) unauthorized access, including so-called “hacking,” and other unlawful activities by minors online; (d) unauthorized disclosure, use, and dissemination of personal information regarding minors; and (e) measures restricting minors’ access to materials harmful to them.